Is Friday Adhan ‘1’ or ‘2’ or ‘3’?

La Hawla wa la quwata illa billa

(There is no might and no power except with ALLAAH)

(1)Surah Al-Jumua, Verse 9:

O you who believe (Muslims)! When the ADHAN is proclaimed for the Salat (prayer) on the day of Friday (Jumu’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allah [Jumu’ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salat (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know!

 (English – Mohsin Khan)

(2) Adhan for Jumu’ah is ‘1’ only

 Sa’id b. Yazid said:

 The call to the (Friday) prayer was made at the gate of the mosque in front of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) when he sat on the pulpit, and of Abu Bakr and ‘Umar…

Sunan Abi Dawud 1088

(3) Adhan for jumu’ah is ‘2’???

 Al-Sa’ib b. Yazid said:During the time of the Prophet (ﷺ) and Abu Bakr and ‘Umar the call to the Friday prayer was first made at the time when the imam was seated on the pulpit (for giving the sermon). When the time of ‘Uthman came, and the people became Abu ndant, ‘Uthman ordered to make a third call to the Friday prayer. It was made on al-Zaura’ (a house in Medina). The rule of action continued to the same effect.

Sahih (Al-Albani)

Sunan Abi Dawud 1087

•••>This is explanation of 2nd Adhan in jumu’ah from above from Darrussalam publishers

“Third Adhan” a number of scholars consider that to mean a “third call” counting the Adhan and Iqamah as two, so the meaning would be that he instituted a second Adhan. 

(4) Adhan for Jumu’ah ‘3’ & its explanation!

It was narrated that Sa’ib bin Yazid said:”The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) had only one Mu’adh-dhin. When he came out he would give the Adhan and when he came down (from the pulpit) he would give the Iqamah. Abu Bakr and “Umar did likewise, but when “Uthman (became caliph) the numbers of people had increased, he added the third call from atop a house in the marketplace that was called Zawra’. When he came out (the Mu’adh-dhin) would call the Adhan, and when he came down from the pulpit, he would call the Iqamah.

Sahih (Darussalam)

Sunan ibn majah : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1135

comments from Darrussalam publishers for this Hadith

(a) ‘Uthman (may ALLAAH be pleased with him) introduced an additional Adhan (the first one) outside the mosque in the marketplace, with a view to attract more and more people. In our times, the Adhan called through the loudspeaker from inside the mosque can serve that purpose. As such, the Adhan from outside the mosque is no longer necesary. 

(b) The first Adhan is the Sunnah of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs. The Messenger of ALLAAH(peace be upon him) had commanded to follow his Sunnah as well as the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided Caliphs. (Sunan ibn Majah, H. 42). Thus, both methods – (i) giving a single Adhan in emulation of the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him), and (ii) giving two Adhan in emulation of the way of the rightly guided Caliphs- are correct. However, to call a a slngle Adhan in accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is better. Moreover, after the widespread use of the loudspeaker and watches there is no longer any justification for the first Adhan. However, in suitations where these facilities are not available, resorting to whatever is needed would be permissible. 

ALLAAH Knows best

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