How usage of Minbar(pulpit) started in Jumu’ah Khutabs(sermon) during time of ALLAAH’s Messenger (peace be upon him)?

ALLAAH is King of Day of Judgment

1.)It was narrated from Tufail bin Ubayy bin Ka’b that his father said:

“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to pray facing the trunk of a date- palm tree when the mosque was still a hut, and he used to deliver the sermon leaning on that trunk. A man from among his Companions said: “Would you like us to make you something upon which you can stand on Fridays so that the people will be able to see you and hear your sermon?’ He said: “Yes.’ So he made three steps for him, as a pulpit. When they put the pulpit in place, they put it in the place where it stands now. When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) wanted to stand on the pulpit, he passed by the tree trunk from which he used to deliver the sermon, and when he went beyond the trunk, it moaned and split and cracked. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) came down when he heard the voice of the trunk, and rubbed it with his hand until it fell silent. Then he went back to the pulpit and when he prayed, he prayed facing it. When the mosque was knocked down (for renovation) and (the pillars, etc.) were changed, Ubayy bin Ka’b took that trunk and kept it in his house until it became very old and the termites consumed it and it became grains of dust.” (Ahmad 137/5, ibn Majah 1416, Its isnad is classified as hasan by Busairi in zawaid ibn Majah )

(2)The Love of Trunk for Messenger of ALLAAH (Peace be upon him)

It was narrated from Anas that the Prophet (ﷺ) used to deliver the sermon leaning on a tree trunk. When he started to use the pulpit, he went to the pulpit, and the trunk made a sorrowful sound. So he came to it and embraced it, and it calmed down. He said:”If I had not embraced it, it would have continued to grieve until the Day of Resurrection.”

(Ibn Majah 1415; Busairi said : ” It’s isnad is sahih & and it’s men are trustworthy; Ibn Katheer said : ” This isnad is on the condition of Muslim [Al Bidaya wa Al Nihaya 129/6)]

(3) With what material did minbar make of ?

It was narrated that Abu Hazim said:

“The people differed concerning the pulpit of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and what it was made of. So they came to Sahl bin Sa’d and asked him. He said: “There is no one left who knows more about that than I. It is made of tamarisk (a type of tree) from Ghabah(a place near madinah). It was made by so-and-so, the freed slave of so- and-so (a woman), (who was) a carpenter. He brought it and he (the Prophet (ﷺ)) stood on it when it was put in position. He faced the Qiblah and the people stood behind him. He recited Qur’an, then bowed and raised his head, then he moved backwards until he prostrated on the ground, then he went back to the pulpit and recited Qur’an, then bowed and raised his head, then he moved backwards until he prostrated on the ground.”Sahih (Darussalam)-(Sunan Ibn Majah : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1416)

                                          ”’ALLAAH knows best”’

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