when I pray zhur salah behind imam as far as I count they do not give enough time to recite another surah and they go ruku immediately after this. So I want to know how much time it should be?

ANSWER

Surah Al-Baqara(2), Verse 163:
وَإِلَٰهُكُمْ إِلَٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ لَّا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ الرَّحِيمُ

And your Allah is One Allah: There is no god but He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
(English – Yusuf Ali)


Here are some hadith which indicates the time period prophet used to take by reciting surahs

He used to recite :


(a)Jabir b. Samura reported:The Apostle of Allah (ﷺ) used to RECITE IN THE NOON PRAYER:” BY THE NIGHT WHEN IT ENVELOPES” (92),and in the afternoon like this, but he prolonged the morning prayer as compared to that (noon and afternoon prayers).

Reference : sahih Muslim 459

(b) Jabir b. Samura reported:

THE APOSTLE OF ALLAH (ﷺ) USED TO RECITE IN THE NOON PRAYER:” GLORIFY THE NAME OF THY MOST HIGH LORD in the morning prayer longer than this” (87)
Reference : sahih Muslim 460

(c) Abu sa’id al Khudri said:

We used to estimate how long the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) stood in the noon and the afternoon prayer, and we estimated that he stood in the first two rak’ahs of the noon prayer as long as it takes to recite thirty verses (of the Qur’an), such as A-L-M Tanzil al-Sajdah. And we estimated that he stood in the last two rak’ahs half the time he stood in the first two rak’ahs. We estimated that he stood in the first two rak’ahs of the afternoon prayer as long as he did in the last two at noon; and we estimated that he stood in the last two rak’ahs of the afternoon prayer half the time he did in first two.

Sahih (Al-Albani)
Sunan Abi Dawud 804


(d) Narrated Jabir ibn Samurah:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to recite in the noon and afternoon prayer: “By the Heaven and the Morning Star” (Surah 86) and “By the Heaven , holding mansions of the stars” (Surah 85) and similar surahs of equal length.

Hasan Sahih (Al-Albani)
Sunan Abi Dawud 805


From this, the amount of time prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) can be determined by the time taken to recite these surahs in Zhur prayer.
If Imam does not do this and goes to ruku with any proper time for recitation of a surah after Fatiha. There is no blame upon you.

Alhamdulillah
ALLAAH knows best
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