Surah Al-Hashr(59), Verse 22:
هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ هُوَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ الرَّحِيمُ
Allah is He, than Whom there is no other god;- Who knows (all things) both secret and open; He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
(English – Yusuf Ali)
Here are surahs which prophet ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to recite in Fajr prayer
(1) Prophet (صلى االه عليه و سلم) used to recite 60 to 100 verses
It was narrated from Abu Barzah that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to recite between sixty and one hundred (Verses) in Fajr prayer.
Ibn Majah : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 818
(2) He used to recite surah Qaf (50)
It was narrated from Qutbah bin Malik that he heard the Prophet (ﷺ) recite:
“And tall date palms, with ranged clusters” [50:10] in the Subh.
Sunan Ibn Majah : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 816
COMMENTS from Darrusalam Publishers :
A worshipper can recite any part of the Qur’an that he pleases, after Al-Fatihah in the prayer. The Qur’an says: “So recite as much of the Qur’an as may be easy (for you)” (Al- Muzzammil 73: 20). The Hadith informs us that the Prophet had recited (Surat Qâf chapter 50) in the Fajr prayer.
(3) He used to recite surah Takwir(81)
It was narrated that “Amr bin Huraith said:
“I performed prayer with the Prophet (ﷺ) when he was reciting in the Fajr, and it is as if I can hear him reciting: “So verily, I swear by the planets that recede. And by the planets that move swiftly and hide themselves.'” [81:15-16]
Sunan Ibn Majah : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 817
(4) He used to recite surah Moominun (23)
It was narrated that “Abdullah bin Sa’ib said:
“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) recited Al-Mu’minun [Al-Mu’minun 23] in the Subh prayer, and when he came to the mention of “Eisa, he was overcome with a cough, so he bowed in Ruku’.”
Sunan Ibn Majah : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 820
(a). It shows that reciting the whole Surah (chapter of the Qur’an) in prayer is not binding.
(b). If the Imam encounters a problem during the prayer that renders him unable to continue with the recitation, let him discontinue the recitation and directly go to bowing (Ruku’).
If anyone desires to recite any other surahs other than these he can do so . as ALLAAH, Tabarak wa Ta’ala said
“So, recite you of the Quran as much as may be easy for you”
*These surahs are to be read except fridays
Surah Al-Fatiha(1), Verse 2:
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds;
(English – Yusuf Ali)
ALLAAH knows best